Author(s): Marilyn Dunn
This ground-breaking study offers a new paradigm for understanding the beliefs and religions of the Goths, Burgundians, Sueves, Franks and Lombards as they converted from paganism to Christianity between c.350 and c.700 CE. Combining history and theology with approaches drawn from the cognitive science of religion, Belief and Religion in Barbarian Europe uses both written and archaeological evidence to challenge many older ideas. Beginning with a re-examination of our knowledge about the deities and rituals of their original religions, it goes on to question the assumption that the Germanic peoples were merely passive recipients of Christian doctrine, arguing that so-called 'Arianism' was first developed as an 'entry-level' Christianity for the Goths. Focusing on individual ethnic groupings in turn, it presents a fresh view of the relationship between religion and politics as their rulers attempted to opt for Catholicism.
In place of familiar debates about post-conversion 'pagan survivals', contemporary texts and legislation are analysed to create an innovative cognitive perspective on the ways in which the Church endeavoured to bring the Christian God into people's thoughts and actions. The work also includes a survey of a wide range of written and archaeological evidence, contrasting traditional conceptions of death, afterlife and funerary ritual with Christian doctrine and practice in these areas and exploring some of the techniques developed by the Church for assuaging popular anxieties about Christian burial and the Christian afterlife.
An overview of the religious history of the Germanic peoples of Continental Europe covering their entrance to the Roman world and conversion to Christianity.
Marilyn Dunn interrogates familiar sources from the perspective of cognitive anthropology, and, in so doing, moves the reader beyond an external account of events and people towards illuminative and evidenced insight into how people reacted to the introduction of Christianity socially, politically and personally. This exciting approach opens up a new framework for understanding these first encounters with the new religion, and adds a fresh dimension to our understanding of a period of profound change. -- Professor Judith George, Senior Research Fellow in Classics, The Open University, UK
Marilyn Dunn is Senior Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Glasgow, UK
Introduction / 1. Looking at Belief / 2. Paganism and the Living / 3. 'Entry-Level Christianity': Christian Doctrine and popular intuitions / 4. The Dead in Popular Belief / 5. Christianity and Death / 6. The Consolidation of Christianity by the Church / 7. People and peoples / Conclusion / Bibliography / Index