Author(s): Jon B. Mikolashek
General Mark Clark is one of the four menalong with Eisenhower, Patton, and Bradleywho historian Martin Blumenson called the essential quartet of American leaders who achieved victory in Europe. A skilled staff officer, Clark rose quickly through the ranks, and by the time America entered the war he was deputy commander of Allied Forces in North Africa. Several weeks before Operation Torch, Clark landed by submarine in a daring mission to negotiate the cooperation of the Vichy French. He was subsequently named commander of U.S. Fifth Army and tasked with the invasion of Italy.